Creating a Remedy
discussing dilutions and succussions, how remedies work on an
energetic level, and how there is no original substance from the
original plant/animal/mineral source in homeopathic remedies, I find
that clients invariably ask the same question: "So how exactly are
these remedies made anyway?" Patients are willing to take remedies on
faith, but they do want to know exactly what they are taking. From
experience I have found that the process does not lend itself well to a
verbal explanation, at least not to my inadequate attempts to do so,
because clients do tend to broach the same topic on subsequent visits.
The difficulty of getting one's head around how this process works is
one that I can easily relate to. Even after considerable study to
memorize the technique for exams, I still found that I did not fully
trituration, dilution and succussion worked to gradually enhance the
healing power of a substance.
What follows is a step-by-step description of the process, called
dynamization or potentization. Reputable manufacturers of homeopathic
remedies follow the same steps without cutting any corners. The only
difference is that now modern machinery does much of the work that used
to be done laboriously by hand.
(potentization) the homeopathic process of serially diluting the remedy
succussing (shaking) it with each
dilution. This in turn imparts an 'intangible' energy to the
substance and/or releases innate healing
power in the substance" (Yasgur).
(dynamization) the process of preparing a homeopathic remedy by
dilution and succussion (shaking). It
may be said that potentization involves the transfer of
information from one substance to
[from LATIN potentia,
power]. A multi-step process (involving dilution and
succussion, or trituration) by which the
inner medicinal power of a crude substance is released
or increased. Synonym: dynamization. (Organon, Glossary
by Wenda Brewster O'Reilly)
From Aphorisms 269-1, Organon of the Medical Art,
6th. ed., 1842:
"Potentization of Substances
its own special purpose, the homeopathic medical art develops to a
formerly unheard of degree the internal, spirit-like medicinal powers
of crude substances. It does so by means of a procedure which belongs
exclusively to it whereby these substances become altogether more than
ever -- indeed, immeasurably -- penetratingly effective and helpful, even those substances which, in
their crude state do not manifest the lease medicinal power
in the human body...
In order to best produce this development of power, a small
the substance to be dynamized (about one grain) [note: one grain is
equivalent to approximately 65 milligrams] is first raised to the
one-millionth powder-attenuation by means of a three-hour trituration
process. Three one-hour triturations are done, each using 100 grains of
Trituration to the one-hundredth powder-attenuation:
Trituration to the one
milk sugar of that especially pure kind that is crystallized on threads
and comes to us in the form of round bars.
- Put one
third of 100 grains
of powdered milk sugar in a glazed porcelain mortar, the bottom of
which has been roughened by rubbing it with fine, moist sand.
- Put 1
grain of the powdered medicinal substance to be triturated on top of the powdered
- Mix the
medicine and the powder with a porcelain spatula for a moment.
the mixture rather strongly for 6 to 7 minutes, using a porcelain
pestle that has been rubbed dull.
- For 3 to 4
minutes, thoroughly scrape the mass from the bottom of the mortar and
from the pestle, to make it homogeneous.
the trituration (as described in step 5) for another 6 to 7 minutes.
- Scrape the
mass (as described in step 6) for another 3 to 4 minutes.
- Add the
second third of the milk sugar.
- Add the
last third of the milk sugar.
- Put the
powder in a well-corked vial that protects it from sunlight and
- Label the
vial with the name of the substance and the number 1/100 (to indicate
the first centesimal trituration, 1C).
Trituration to the one
- Mix 1
grain of the 1/100 powder with 1/3 of 100 grains of powdered milk sugar.
steps 4-13 above.
- Label the
vial with the name of the substance and the number 1/10,000 (to
indicate the second centesimal trituration, 2C).
Each of these three
trituration procedures takes one
These are the three degrees of dry powder trituration which, if well
executed, make a good beginning towards developing the power
(dynamization) of the medicinal substance.
- Mix 1
grain of the 1/10,000 powder with one third of 100 grains of powdered
steps 4-13 above.
- Label it
with the name of the
substance and the number 1/1,000,000 (to indicate the third centesimal
trituration, 3C). Each grain of this powder contains one millionth of a
grain of the original substance.
medicine to the first degree of potency (LM1):
medicine to the second degree of potency (LM2):
- Dissolve 1
grain of the
triturated powder (i.e., the substance triturated to the one-millionth
attenuation) in 500 drops of a mixture that is 1 part brandywine (90
proof grain alcohol) and 4 parts distilled water.
- Place a single drop of
this mixture in a vial.
- Add 100
drops of a good wine spirit (90 proof grain alcohol) to the vial.
- Give the
tightly corked vial
100 strong succussions with the hand against a hard but elastic body,
such as a leather-bound book. This is the first degree of dynamization.
moisten fine sugar globules with this liquid.
spread the sugar globules on blotting paper to dry.
- Store the
globules in a tightly stoppered little vial with the sign of the first
degree of potency.
the bottle from heat and daylight.
medicine to the thirtieth degree of potency (LM30);
- Take 1
globule of the
medicine potentized to the first degree (LM1) and put it in a new vial
(with a drop of water in order to dissolve it).
steps 3-8 above, labeling the bottle with the sign of the second degree
Continue the above
the dissolved globule of the 29th degree of potency has formed a
spiritized medicinal fluid with 100 drops of wine spirit, by means of
100 succussions, whereby globules that are moistened with this and
dried are labeled the 30th degree of dynamization.
Only when crude medicinal substances are processed in this way, does
one obtain preparations that have attained their full capability to
aptly touch the suffering parts of the sick organism... By means of
this mechanical processing (provided it is properly executed, as
specified above) a given medicinal substance which, in its crude state,
is only matter (in some cases, unmedicinal matter) is subtilized and
transformed by these higher and higher dynamizations to become a
spirit-like medicinal power.
This assertion will not appear improbable if one considers that with
this method of dynamization -- which I have found after many laborious
tests and counter-tests to be the most powerful and, at the same time,
the mildest in action -- the material part of the medicine is
attenuated about 50,000 times and yet it is incredibly increased in
power. If we multiply by 50,000 at each progressive dynamization
(following initial trituration which achieves a dilution ratio of
1,000,000 to 1) the material substance is already reduced to
125,000,000,000,000,000,000 at the third potency (1,000,000 x 50,000 x
50,000 x 50,000 = 125 x 10 to the 18th power). This is the dilution
after triturating the substance to the one-millionth attenuation and
then dynamizing it to the third potency (LM3). The thirtieth
dynamization, prepared progressively in this way, gives a fraction of
material substance almost impossible to express in numbers...
This medicinal power in
itself no longer falls within our senses. The medicated
globule becomes the carrier
of this invisible power and, in this capacity, it documents the
salutariness of that power in the sick body. The medicated globule
carries this invisible power even when it is used dry, but far more
when it is dissolved in water...
Physicians should prepare their own medicines until that day when the
government (having attained insight as to the indispensability of
perfectly prepared homeopathic medicines) has them manufactured by a
capable, impartial person so that they may be given, free of charge, to
homeopathic physicians of the land who are versed in cure, who have
been trained in homeopathic hospitals, proven in both theory and
practice, and thus certified. In this way, the physician will not only
be assured of the intrinsic superior quality of these divine curative
implements, he will also be able to give them free to his patients,
rich and poor" (pp. 235-243)
An intriguing aspect of homeopathic remedies is that, when
potentized, they no
longer obey ordinary chemical laws.
One can never predict what rabbit will pop out of the hat when a new,
experimental remedy is prepared. The only way to ascertain its unique
healing properties is to exhaustively test the prospective remedy in
various potencies on healthy individuals (i.e., a proving).
I would like to
section on remedies by sharing a very simple and elegant teaching
experiment devised by John Sommerton, an instructor at the Toronto
School of Homeopathic Medicine and a practicing homeopath in London ON,
that illustrates the above concept. I have personally conducted this
experiment with my class and the results have been consistently the
same over many trials. Since it has been replicated many times, I can
vouch for the reliability of the results.
Beyond Substance Experiment
Line up 24 empty 1 dram remedy
bottles. Place one drop of Acetic
(pure white vinegar) in the first bottle, add 9 drops of distilled
water, and succuss 40 times. Take one drop from the first bottle and
place it in the second bottle. Add 9 drops of distilled water and
succuss 40 times. Repeat this process until you reach the 24th bottle,
at which time you have a 24X potency. A 24X dilution is the point at
which one reaches Avogadro's number, i.e., where there is not a single
molecule of the original vinegar in the dilution.
Next line up 3 empty vials. Pour pure white vinegar (Acetic Acid)
in the first one, the 24X dilution remedy of vinegar in the second, and
distilled water in the third vial. When pH indicator strips are placed
in each of the vials, the pH readings are as follows:
Pure White Vinegar
Pure White Vinegar (24X)
pH = 2.0
pH = 5.8
pH = 5.5
After 15 minutes:
pH = 2.0
pH = 6.0
pH = 5.0
Now recall that pH is a measure of acidity and alkalinity. The lower
the number, the more acidic the liquid being tested. The above readings
indicate that the 24X dilution made from acetic acid has less acidity
than distilled water! No chemist could have predicted this result
beforehand. In fact, logical reasoning would lead one to assume that a
dilution made from a strong acid would have more acid properties than
pure water. But the remedy (for it is truly a remedy now) was not just
diluted. It was potentized by serial dilutions and succussions.
When substances, even inert ones such as silica, are homeopathically
potentized, the normal rules of chemistry go out the window.
is a homeopathic
remedy. Just for fun let us see what the Materia Medica has to say
about its symptom complex when healthy provers took it and what
ailments for which it has been found to be useful clinically. The
information goes on for several pages, so I will only note a few items.
drug produces a condition of profound anaemia, with some dropsical
symptoms, great debility, frequent fainting, dyspnoea, weak heart,
vomiting, profuse urination and sweat. Haemorrhage from any part.
Acet-ac. has the power to liquefy albuminous and fibrinous
deposits. Epithelial cancer, internally and locally. Emaciation, esp. of face, hands
Great prostration: after injuries; after surgical shock; after
anaesthetics. General: worse for cold drinks; lie like a load on the
after labour. Oedema of feet and legs; with diarrhoea.
Intellect clouded, can hardly express herself..."
(Frans Vermeulen, Concordant
Materia Medica, 3rd. ed., 2000).